What Impact Does Flooding Have on Crops?

June 12th, 2019 | Posted by Drip-Well

It seems like sometimes farmers are blessed by mother nature, and sometimes they’re cursed. It’s difficult to accurately project your crop yield and make business decisions when the weather can be so unpredictable. The best way to prepare for fickle weather is to arm yourself with the right knowledge and tools to conquer any conditions!

What Impact Does Flooding Have on Crops?

Recent weather conditions have flooded the U.S. Corn Belt.

This past winter—January through March in particular—has been one of the coldest, wettest seasons on record. The average temperature right here in Nebraska was 10-15 degrees Fahrenheit below normal. Parts of the state were slammed with snow piles sitting at 20-30 inches above average.

The cold, wet, conditions came to a peak with a March blizzard and significant flooding. The colder than average temperatures had already frozen the soil several feet down, preventing it from absorbing any of the excess moisture brought on by the storms. Frozen soil combined with lakes and rivers topped with a thick layer of ice, resulted in further destruction to farming lands with a 100% runoff rate.

Flood conditions diminish crop production, reduce livestock populations, and devastate farming land.

The effect of flooding on the livelihood of agriculturalists can range from moderate to catastrophic. The recent Midwest flooding in particular has significantly delayed the generation of crops such as corn and soybeans in top-producing states. When farmers are operating behind schedule, their crop yield decreases, and consumer prices go up.

Excess moisture can also damage crops by suffocating them with water and depleting oxygen levels. Low oxygen stunts crop growth and—along with the cold and wet conditions that cause it—can foster disease by wiping out beneficial fungi, resulting in considerable plant death. Harsh storms also cause livestock populations to dwindle by decreasing the availability of feed supplies and weakening, or sometimes eliminating entirely, large herd portions.

The poor soil conditions caused by flooding—such as loss of nitrogen and oxygen—further disrupt crop production. Flood water moving through the land often erodes fertile topsoil, smothers productive lands with increased soil deposition, and can deposit sand and gravel on top of crops.

It’s important to be prepared for all conditions.

Knowing what to expect following extreme weather like excess flooding, gives you an advantage when it comes to protecting your crops and your entire agricultural enterprise. You need quality tools that are built to withstand flooding, make up for lost production time, and undo the damage floods leave in their wake.

Contact L & M Manufacturing or visit our website today to learn more about the products you need to stay afloat!